Hypertension affects approximately one third of the world’s adult population and is a major cause of premature death despite considerable advances in pharmacological treatments. Growing evidence supports the use of lifestyle interventions for the prevention and adjuvant treatment of hypertension.

Key points
– Strong evidence supports the benefits of regular physical activity and exercise for the prevention and management of hypertension.
– Sodium intake restriction reduces blood pressure, particularly in patients with hypertension, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is the most effective dietary approach to prevent hypertension and to reduce blood pressure in individuals with pre-hypertension or hypertension.
– In contrast to common antihypertensive medications, lifestyle interventions, especially exercise, reduce blood pressure through multi systemic and ‘non-traditional’ mechanisms (for example, not only by improving vascular health or reducing sympathetic overactivation)…more