What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure refers to the force used by the heart to pump blood all over the body.
How is blood pressure measured?
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and there always two figures on the reading.
- systolic pressure –the pressure exerted by the heart to push blood (the top number on your blood pressure reading).
- diastolic pressure –the pressure available when your heart rests between heart beats (the bottom number)
If your blood pressure is “140/90” or 140/90mmHg, that means you have a diastolic pressure of 90mmHg and a systolic pressure of 140mmHg.
- Normal blood pressure is believed to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg
- High blood pressure is believed to be 140/90mmHg and higher
- low blood pressure is believed to be 90/60mmHg and lower
What will l feel if my blood pressure is high?
- Severe headaches
- Fatigue or confusion
- Vision problems
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Irregular heartbeat
- Blood in the urine
- Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears
What will I feel if my blood pressure is low?
In other people, low blood pressure signals an underlying problem, especially when it suddenly drops or is accompanied by signs and symptoms. Some of these signs and symptoms are dizziness or lightheadedness, fainting, blurred/ fading vision, nausea and fatigue.
Extreme hypotension can result in life-threatening conditions. The signs and symptoms include confusion (especially in older people), cold pale skin, shallow breathing and a weak pulse.
How do I prevent high blood pressure?
Living a healthy can keep your blood pressure in a healthy array. The prevention of hypertension can lower the risk of a heart disease and stroking. Practicing the following habits will take you a long way.
- Choose a Healthy Diet- have healthy meal and snack options and make sure you eat plentiful of fruit and vegetables.
- Preserve a healthy weight- being overweight or obese puts you at a higher risk of hypertension. Get details from your doctor on ways of reaching the healthy weight.
- Be Physically Active- exercise helps you keep a healthy weight and lowers blood pressure. It is recommended that adults get at least 2hours of exercise.
- Do Not Smoke- smoking increases your risk of heart disease and stroke, not smoking will lower the risk of hypertension.
- Limit How Much Alcohol You Drink- do not have too much of alcoholic drinks in a day, limit yourself to 2 drinks.
- Get Enough Sleep- it is important for your health and is part of keeping your blood vessels healthy.
How do l lower my blood pressure naturally?
Making a few lifestyle changes can lower your blood pressure and keep it down. Some things you can do to lower your blood pressure are lose excess weight and increase activity, doing regular exercise, eating healthy, lowering sodium intake, reducing your alcohol intake, stop smoking, lower the amount of caffeine you drink, reduce your stress, eat more potassium, eat calcium rich foods, get good restful sleep, eat dark chocolate, eat berries and try meditation, yoga or deep breathing. These simple lifestyle changes can lower and keep your blood pressure down.
What treatments are used for high blood pressure?
At times lifestyle changes may not be enough. Thus, your doctor could recommend medication to lower your blood pressure. The type of medication your doctor will prescribe depends on health conditions and age. Often two or more blood pressure medications work better than just one. Trial and error are used to find the most effective medication or drug combination for hypertension. Medication used for treating high blood pressure include Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), Diuretics, Alpha-blockers, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Alpha-agonists and Renin inhibitors.
What complications can arise due to high blood pressure?
The extreme burden on your artery walls caused by high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels and organs. The higher your blood pressure and the more time it goes uncontrolled, the larger the harm. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause complications such as heart failure, heart attack or stroke, trouble with memory or understanding, Aneurysm, weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys, Dementia, and thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes. So, seek medical attention from the doctor as soon as you experience the signs.