This brief summarises and provides links to official, scientific and other resources to support an understanding of and individual to regional level responses to the epidemic of ‘novel coronavirus’, also known as COVID-19. On January 30 2020, the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) and on March 11 2020 it declared it a pandemic. The International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005 term a PHEIC an extraordinary event that constitutes “a risk to other States through the international spread of disease”, requiring a coordinated international response.
The multiple messages and reports, can overwhelm people who are also trying to respond to the epidemic at different levels. This brief aims to assist by bringing together information and links to resources from various sources on a range of issues related to COVID-19 covering:
1: Basic information on the virus and its health impact
2: The level and growth of the pandemic
3: What individuals and communities can do to prevent and respond to COVID-19
4: What workplaces and organisations can do to prevent and respond to COVID-19
5: Protection and support of health and other frontline workers
6: What countries are doing to prevent and respond to COVID-19
The specific focus is on the ESA region, with information from other regions that may be useful for the ESA region or that may raise issues to discuss and plan for in the ESA region. The information is generally sourced from World Health Organisation (WHO), various official, public health and technical/ scientific sources. The source of information is cited/hyperlinked. The WHO page on COVID-19 is at https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019.